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HGT Hydraulic Gyratory Crusher

HGT Hydraulic Gyratory Crusher

HGT Gyratory Crusher is a new-type intelligent coarse crusher with big capacity and high efficiency. It integrates mechanical, hydraulic, electric, automated, and intelligent controlling technologies which grant it with advantages traditional crushing

European Type Jaw Crusher PEW

European Type Jaw Crusher PEW

Jaw crushers has stationary jaw crusher, portable jaw crusher and mobile jaw crusher (crawler jaw crusher). Jaw crusher (PEW Series) is not only able to be used together with mine-selecting and gravel processing equipments but also be used independen

Jaw Crusher PE

Jaw Crusher PE

Jaw crusher is driven by a motor, and the moving jaw moves up and down via eccentric shaft. The angle between fixed jaw and moving jaw becomes smaller when the moving jaw runs down, then the materials are crushed into pieces. It will become bigger whe

HPT Hydraulic Cone Crusher

HPT Hydraulic Cone Crusher

Base on the latest technology and decades of years’ producing experience, Our Company designed the HPT series cone crusher. It has excellent crushing efficiency and good hydraulic control system. Now the HPC series cone crusher has wide application

HST Hydraulic Cone Crusher

HST Hydraulic Cone Crusher

HST Single Cylinder Hydraulic Cone Crusher is a new high-efficiency cone crusher independently researched, developed and designed by SBM through summarizing over twenty years of experience and widely absorbing advanced American and German technologies

CI5X Series Impact Crusher

CI5X Series Impact Crusher

CI5X Impact Crusher breaks materials with impact force. When materials enter the working area of hammer, they may be crushed under the high-speed shock and then thrown onto the impact device above the rotor for another crushing. Next, materials bounce

VSI6X Series Vertical Crusher

VSI6X Series Vertical Crusher

Due to the increasing market demand for the scale, intensification, energy conservation, environment protection and high-quality machine-made sand, SBM, a Chinese professional sand maker manufacturer, further optimizes the structure and function of tr

VSI5X Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher

VSI5X Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher

VSI Crushers Working Principle Raw material falls down into feed hopper, and then enters rotor through central entrance hole. It is accelerated in high-speed rotor, and then is thrown out at speed of 60-75m/s. When hitting anvil, it is crushed. Final

VSI Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher

VSI Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher

VSI Series vertical shaft impact crusher is designed by reputed German expert of SBM and every index is in worlds leading standard. It incorporates three crushing types and it can be operated 720 hours continuously. Nowadays, VSI crusher has replaced

VUS aggregate optimization system

VUS aggregate optimization system

The VU system is a global most-advanced dry-process sand-making system. The system is constructed like a tower. Its fully-enclosed layout features high integration. It integrates the functions of high-efficiency sand making, particle shape optimizatio

MTW-Z European Trapezium Mill

MTW-Z European Trapezium Mill

MTW European Grinding Mill is innovatively designed through deep research on grinding mills and development experience. It absorbs the latest European powder grinding technology and concept, and combines the suggestions of 9158 customers on grinding m

5X Series Roller Grinding Mill

5X Series Roller Grinding Mill

Grinding roller of MB5X Pendulum Roller Grinding Mill l adopts diluted oil lubrication. It is a technology initiated domestically which is maintenance-free and easy to operate. Diluted oil lubrication is oil bath lubrication, more convenient than grea

MTW Trapezium Mill

MTW Trapezium Mill

MTW European Grinding Mill is innovatively designed through deep research on grinding mills and development experience. It absorbs the latest European powder grinding technology and concept, and combines the suggestions of 9158 customers on grinding m

LM Vertical Mill

LM Vertical Mill

LM Vertical Grinding Mill integrates crushing, drying, grinding, separating and transport. The structure is simple while the layout is compact. Its occupational area is about 50% of that of the ball-milling system. The LM grinding mill can also be arr

TGM Trapezium Mill

TGM Trapezium Mill

TGM Super Pressure Trapezium Mill The operation principle of main unit of Trapezium mill is that main unit runs with the central shaft that is driven by a gear box. The top of the shaft is connected with a quincunx stand on which a grinding roller is

Indium Recover Tin Lter

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

This study proposed an innovative method to separate and recover indium and tin from spent indium–tin-oxide (ITO) targets. ITO was first dissolved using concentrated HCl and then the leaching solution was distilled to recycle HCl and crystallize indium and tin ions. Next, the obtained crystals were transferred into SOCl 2 solution under refluxing to remove the crystal water. By simply ...

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

By simply fractionating the mixture, anhydrous indium chloride, tin tetrachloride, and SOCl 2 can be separated in a single operation. The recovery rate of InCl 3 was ca. 99.6% with a purity of ca. 99.8%, while ca. 98.0% of SnCl 4 was recovered with a purity of ca. 99.7%. Both the recovery rates and purities are the highest reported so far.

More

Recovery of indium from used indium–tin oxide (ITO ...

A novel hydrometallurgical process was developed for the recovery of indium metal from used indium and tin oxide (ITO) targets, which includes acid leaching, removing tin from leach solution by...

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Recovery of indium from indium tin oxide by solvent ...

2011-04-01  Recovery of indium from LCD screen wastes, which contain indium in the form of indium tin oxide (ITO) as the electrode material, is becoming economically and environmentally justified. Indium is a valuable metal and the present work was aimed to recover indium from ITO as the starting material to study the recovery of indium from waste LCD screens by solvent extraction. The apparent rate of ...

More

New technique developed to recycle indium from waste LCD ...

panels, where indium is found as indium tin oxide (ITO). The study is one of the first to describe how to recover indium from a leaching solution of waste LCD panels. Developing methods to recover materials from waste equipment is an important way of saving resources and reducing primary production of materials. The researchers recovered indium from waste LCD panels through cementation: the ...

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Recovery of indium from indium tin oxide by solvent ...

Recovery of indium from LCD screen wastes, which contain indium in the form of indium tin oxide (ITO) as the electrode material, is becoming economically and environmentally justified. Indium is a valuable metal and the present work was aimed to recover indium from ITO as the starting material to study the recovery of indium from waste LCD screens by solvent extraction. The apparent rate of ...

More

Removal and Recovery of Indium from ITO Coated Glass and ...

2019-11-05  The separation and recovery of indium from indium tin oxide (ITO) has been achieved using hydrometallurgy, 6–10 which involves leaching, concentration and separation, and electrorefining. Hydrometallurgical treatment has typically been achieved using solvent extraction, which is a useful metallurgical process for indium and has the high recovery rate of indium. However, the using of

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A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

This study proposed an innovative method to separate and recover indium and tin from spent indium–tin-oxide (ITO) targets. ITO was first dissolved using concentrated HCl and then the leaching solution was distilled to recycle HCl and crystallize indium and tin ions. Next, the obtained crystals were transferred into SOCl 2 solution under refluxing to remove the crystal water. By simply ...

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

This study proposed an innovative method to separate and recover indium and tin from spent indium–tin-oxide (ITO) targets. ITO was first dissolved using concentrated HCl and then the leaching solution was distilled to recycle HCl and crystallize indium and tin ions.

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

By simply fractionating the mixture, anhydrous indium chloride, tin tetrachloride, and SOCl₂ can be separated in a single operation. The recovery rate of InCl₃ was ca. 99.6% with a purity of ca. 99.8%, while ca. 98.0% of SnCl₄ was recovered with a purity of ca. 99.7%. Both the recovery rates and purities are the highest reported so far. Since all the reagents used in this process were ...

More

Recovery of indium from indium tin oxide by solvent ...

Recovery of indium from LCD screen wastes, which contain indium in the form of indium tin oxide (ITO) as the electrode material, is becoming economically and environmentally justified. Indium is a valuable metal and the present work was aimed to recover indium from ITO as the starting material to study the recovery of indium from waste LCD screens by solvent extraction. The apparent rate of ...

More

Indium and tin recovery from waste LCD panels using ...

In LCD screens this metal is found in the form of oxide together with Sn, in a semiconducting material known as ITO (indium tin oxide), that corresponds to the TCO (transparent conduction oxide)...

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Research Status of Recovery of Indium from Indium-Tin ...

Indium is widely used in some important fields due to its semiconductor and optoelectronic performance. While the reduction of indium minerals, as one of secondary resources, the amount of indium–tin oxide (ITO) waste target has been accumulated considerably. ITO film is the main functional fraction of LCD has consumed more than 60% of the indium production worldwide.

More

Indium Recovery from Indium Tin Oxide, ITO, Thin Film ...

Keywords: indium, recovery, chlorination, indium tin oxide (ITO), ammonium chloride 1. Introduction Indium tin oxide, ITO, is a well known transparent electrical conductor which is commonly used in flat panel display. The steady increase of the production of flat panel display causesastronger demand for raw indium.In the view of a possible supply shortfall in the future, the establishment of ...

More

Indium Recovery by Selective Removal of Copper and Tin ...

A three-step batch-type indium recovery method was developed to prove feasibility of recovering indium powders from highly acidic dilute indium chloride solution prepared by dissolving indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes of waste liquid crystal display (LCD) panels in concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions. More specifically, a batch-type three-step indium recovery by cementation and ...

More

Recovery of Critical Metals from Dilute Leach Solutions ...

the leach solutions from indium tin oxide thin film conductive layers that contain only indium and tin. Almost total recovery of the metals can be achieved from nitric, perchloric and acetic acid leach solutions using a novel cylindrical mesh electrode electrolysis cell under appropriate conditions. The optimum separation of indium from tin and lead is achieved by a novel three- stage process ...

More

The Availability of Indium: The Present, Medium Term, and ...

represents recycling of manufacturing wastes rather than recovery from end-of-life (EOL) products. Of this total tonnage, 510 tonnes (84%) occurs in or near manufacturing centers in Japan, South Korea, and China, and is recovered from spent indium-tin oxide sputtering targets used in the production of flat-panel displays. 2 A reserve is the quantity of material that is known with a high degree ...

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

This study proposed an innovative method to separate and recover indium and tin from spent indium–tin-oxide (ITO) targets. ITO was first dissolved using concentrated HCl and then the leaching solution was distilled to recycle HCl and crystallize indium and tin ions. Next, the obtained crystals were transferred into SOCl 2 solution under refluxing to remove the crystal water. By simply ...

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

By simply fractionating the mixture, anhydrous indium chloride, tin tetrachloride, and SOCl₂ can be separated in a single operation. The recovery rate of InCl₃ was ca. 99.6% with a purity of ca. 99.8%, while ca. 98.0% of SnCl₄ was recovered with a purity of ca. 99.7%. Both the recovery rates and purities are the highest reported so far. Since all the reagents used in this process were ...

More

Indium Recovery from Indium Tin Oxide, ITO, Thin Film ...

Keywords: indium, recovery, chlorination, indium tin oxide (ITO), ammonium chloride 1. Introduction Indium tin oxide, ITO, is a well known transparent electrical conductor which is commonly used in flat panel display. The steady increase of the production of flat panel display causesastronger demand for raw indium.In the view of a possible supply shortfall in the future, the establishment of ...

More

Research Status of Recovery of Indium from Indium-Tin ...

Indium is widely used in some important fields due to its semiconductor and optoelectronic performance. While the reduction of indium minerals, as one of secondary resources, the amount of indium–tin oxide (ITO) waste target has been accumulated considerably. ITO film is the main functional fraction of LCD has consumed more than 60% of the indium production worldwide.

More

Recovery of indium from the etching solution of indium tin ...

The etching waste solution from the indium-consuming fabrication processes is considered as the viable resource for indium recovery. The extraction equilibrium of indium(III) from a hydrochloride acid solution using di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) as an extractant and dissolved in kerosene by solvent extraction was studied. To optimize the extraction and separation of indium from ...

More

Recovery of Critical Metals from Dilute Leach Solutions ...

the leach solutions from indium tin oxide thin film conductive layers that contain only indium and tin. Almost total recovery of the metals can be achieved from nitric, perchloric and acetic acid leach solutions using a novel cylindrical mesh electrode electrolysis cell under appropriate conditions. The optimum separation of indium from tin and lead is achieved by a novel three- stage process ...

More

Indium Recovery by Selective Removal of Copper and Tin ...

A three-step batch-type indium recovery method was developed to prove feasibility of recovering indium powders from highly acidic dilute indium chloride solution prepared by dissolving indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes of waste liquid crystal display (LCD) panels in concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions. More specifically, a batch-type three-step indium recovery by cementation and ...

More

Recoveries of metallic indium and tin from ITO by means of ...

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recoveries of metallic indium and tin from ITO by means of pyrometallurgy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Sort by Weight Alphabetically Chemical Compounds. Pyrometallurgy. indium tin oxide. Indium. Tin. Carbon Monoxide. Recovery. Temperature. Vapor pressure. Vaporization. Vacuum. Physics Astronomy. pyrometallurgy. indium oxides. tin ...

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The Availability of Indium: The Present, Medium Term, and ...

represents recycling of manufacturing wastes rather than recovery from end-of-life (EOL) products. Of this total tonnage, 510 tonnes (84%) occurs in or near manufacturing centers in Japan, South Korea, and China, and is recovered from spent indium-tin oxide sputtering targets used in the production of flat-panel displays. 2 A reserve is the quantity of material that is known with a high degree ...

More

RIGaT: Recovery of Indium, Germanium and Tin EIT ...

Project duration: 1 April 2016 – 31 December 2018 Objective The main objective of the project is to come up with a solution for recovery of critical metals, such as indium and germanium, and increase production of base metals, i.e. tin, from polymetallic alloys formed in the production of zinc and lead. The solution (technology) []

More

A sustainable approach to separate and recover indium and ...

By simply fractionating the mixture, anhydrous indium chloride, tin tetrachloride, and SOCl₂ can be separated in a single operation. The recovery rate of InCl₃ was ca. 99.6% with a purity of ca. 99.8%, while ca. 98.0% of SnCl₄ was recovered with a purity of ca. 99.7%. Both the recovery rates and purities are the highest reported so far. Since all the reagents used in this process were ...

More

Research Status of Recovery of Indium from Indium-Tin ...

Indium is widely used in some important fields due to its semiconductor and optoelectronic performance. While the reduction of indium minerals, as one of secondary resources, the amount of indium–tin oxide (ITO) waste target has been accumulated considerably. ITO film is the main functional fraction of LCD has consumed more than 60% of the indium production worldwide.

More

Indium recovery from indium tin o... preview related ...

Indium recovery from indium tin oxide, ITO, thin film deposited on Limestone plate by chlorination treatment with ammonium chloride. Terakado O; Iwaki D; Murayama K; et al. See more; Materials Transactions (2011) 52(8) 1655-1660. DOI: 10.2320/matertrans.M2011106. 17 Citations. Citations of this article. 5 Readers. Mendeley users who have this article in their library. Add to library View PDF ...

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Recovery of Critical Metals from Dilute Leach Solutions ...

the leach solutions from indium tin oxide thin film conductive layers that contain only indium and tin. Almost total recovery of the metals can be achieved from nitric, perchloric and acetic acid leach solutions using a novel cylindrical mesh electrode electrolysis cell under appropriate conditions. The optimum separation of indium from tin and lead is achieved by a novel three- stage process ...

More

Recovery of indium from the etching solution of indium tin ...

The etching waste solution from the indium-consuming fabrication processes is considered as the viable resource for indium recovery. The extraction equilibrium of indium(III) from a hydrochloride acid solution using di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) as an extractant and dissolved in kerosene by solvent extraction was studied. To optimize the extraction and separation of indium from ...

More

Indium Recovery by Selective Removal of Copper and Tin ...

A three-step batch-type indium recovery method was developed to prove feasibility of recovering indium powders from highly acidic dilute indium chloride solution prepared by dissolving indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes of waste liquid crystal display (LCD) panels in concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions. More specifically, a batch-type three-step indium recovery by cementation and ...

More

Removal of tin and extraction of indium from acid ...

The recovery of indium from waste indium tin oxide (ITO) target has great significance for the economy and environment. Based on our previous study on the optimization of acid leaching technique, the present study focuses on tin removal via zinc substitution and indium recovery from a tin-free leach solution. The results show that when the amount of added zinc powder and reaction time increase ...

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Recovery of indium from extractants of waste indium tin ...

2019-09-18  Due to the wide applications, limited supply, and high demand, sustainable utilization of indium has become an important task. In this study, the recovery of indium from acidic extractant solutions of ITO scraps using aluminum (Al) powder was investigated. The cementation reaction of indium from HCl solution was completed within 10 min and it could be described by pseudo-first-order

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Recoveries of metallic indium and tin from ITO by means of ...

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recoveries of metallic indium and tin from ITO by means of pyrometallurgy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Sort by Weight Alphabetically Chemical Compounds. Pyrometallurgy. indium tin oxide. Indium. Tin. Carbon Monoxide. Recovery. Temperature. Vapor pressure. Vaporization. Vacuum. Physics Astronomy. pyrometallurgy. indium oxides. tin ...

More

RIGaT: Recovery of Indium, Germanium and Tin EIT ...

Project duration: 1 April 2016 – 31 December 2018 Objective The main objective of the project is to come up with a solution for recovery of critical metals, such as indium and germanium, and increase production of base metals, i.e. tin, from polymetallic alloys formed in the production of zinc and lead. The solution (technology) []

More